GW Law Faculty Publications
The Path of World Trade Law in the 21st Century. Hackensack, N.J.: World Scientific Studies in International Economics, 2014.
(With Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, and Jisun Kim.) Global Warming and the World Trading System. Washington, D.C. : Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2009.
(Editor, with Debra P. Steger & Peter van den Bossche). Law in the Service of Human Dignity: Essays in Honor of Florentino Feliciano. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Trade Law and Global Governance. London: Cameron May, 2002.
LAW REVIEW ARTICLES & CHAPTERS IN BOOKS
The Historical Lens in International Economic Law, 22 J. Int’l Econ. L. 93 (2019).
How American Rejectionism Undermines International Economic Law, 10 Trade L. & Dev. 226 (2018).
Border Tax Equalization, in The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges 25 (Jagdish N. Bhagwati et al eds., 2016).
John Jackson and the GATT’s Transformation, 15 World Trade Rev. 401 (2016).
"What the World Trade Organization Learned from the International Labour Organization," in Research Handbook on Transnational Labour Law, p. 411-424. Ed. by Adelle Blackett and Anne Trebilcock. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Pub., 2015.
"The Field of International Economic Law," 17 Journal of International Economic Law 607-626 (2014).
(With Esty, Daniel C.) "Environmental Sustainability and Competitiveness: Policy Imperative and Corporate Opportunity," as part of the Harvard Business School's U.S. Competitive Project. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, 2013.
(With Bankes, Nigel, et. al.) "International Trade and Investment Law and Carbon Management Technologies," 53 Natural Resources Journal 285-324 (2013).
"Trade and Environment," in Handbook of Trade Policy for Development, p 893-921. Ed. by Arvid Lukauskas, New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
(With, Hoekman, Bernard.) "US-Tyres: Upholding a WTO Accession Contract: Imposing Pain for Little Gain," 12 World Trade Review 273-296 (2013).
"Addressing Government Failure through International Financial Law," in International Law in Financial Regulation and Monetary Affairs. Ed. by Thomas Cottier, John Howard Jackson and Rosa Maria Lastra. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
"Correcting America's Continuing Failure to Comply with the Avena Judgment," 106 American Journal of International Law 572-581 (2012).
(With Hoekman, Bernard M.) "US Special Safeguard on Imports of Tires from China: Imposing Pain for Little Gain." London: Centre for Economic Policy Research.
Available at http://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=9217.
"A Post-Montesquieu Analysis of the WTO," in Governing the World Trade Organization: Past, Present and Beyond Doha. Edited by Thomas Cottier and Manfred Elsig. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
"How Nongovernmental Actors Vitalize International Law," in Looking to the Future: Essays on International Law in Honor of W. Michael Reisman. Edited by Mahnoush H. Arsanjani, et. al. Leiden; Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011.
"The Illegitimacy of Preventing NGO Participation," 36 Brooklyn Journal of International Law 891-890 (2011).
"The U.S. International Labor Relations Act," 26 ABA Journal of Labor and Employment Law 311-325 (2011).
"What Is International Economic Law?," 14 Journal of International Economic Law 3-22 (2011).
"Addressing Government Failure Through International Financial Law," 13 Journal of International Economic Law 743-761 (2010).
"Contemporary Practice of the United States: International Economic Law: President Acts on Labor Claim of Market Disruption, Imposes Tariffs on Chinese Tires," 104 American Journal of International Law 111-112 (2010).
"Reviewing Carbon Changes and Free Allowances Under Environmental Law," 16 ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law 395-412 (2010).
“Accountability of Public and Private International Organizations,” in The Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors, Ch. 25. Ed. by Bob Reinalda. New York: Routledge, 2010.
"America's New Climate Uniliateralism: A Better Approach to Copenhagen," 23 The International Economy 50-52 (Fall 2009).
Available at www.international-economy.com/TIE_F09_Charnovitz.pdf.
"The Enforcement of WTO Judgments," 34 Yale Law Journal of International Law 558-566 (2009).
"An Introduction to the Trade and Environment Debate," Handbook on Trade and the Environment. Edited by Kevine Gallagher. Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar, 2008.
"Revitalizing the U.S. Compliance Power," 102 American Journal of International Law 551-562 (2008).
"A New WTO Paradigm for Trade and the Environment," 11 Singapore Year Book of International Law 15-40 (2007).
(with Sandalow, David B., Maria Ivanova, and Hilary French.) "On a Worldwide/U.N. Level: Deciding Which Institutional Set-up Would Further Environmental Governance and the Challenges Ahead," (Panel Three, Conference on Global Environmental Governance, June 29, 2006) 19 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 315-319 (2007).
"SPS Preamble' and 'SPS Article 1,'\" in WTO Technical Barriers and SPS Measures, p. 365-391. Edited by Rudiger Wolfrum, et al. Boston : Martinus Nijhhoff Publishers, 2007.
"The WTO's Environmental Progress." 10 Journal of International Economic Law 685-706 (2007).
"Accountability of Non-Governmental Organizations in Global Governance." NGO Accountability: Politics, Principles, and Innovations 21-42, edited by Lisa Jordan & Peter van Tuijl. London: Earthscan, 2006.
"Centennial Essay: In Honor of the 100th Anniversary of the AJIL and the ASIL: Nongovernmental Organizations and International Law," 100 American Journal of International Law 348 (2006).
"Introduction." (Symposium on International Trade and Developing Countries.) 29 Fordham International Law Review 259-264 (2006).
"Nongovernmental Organizations and International Law." 100 American Journal of International Law 348-372 (2006).
"Taiwan's WTO Membership and its International Implications." Asian Journal of the WTO and International Health Law & Policy (September, 2006).
"The World Trade Organization and Labour Rights: Man Bites Dog." in Social Issues, Globalisation and International Institutions: Labour Rights and the EU, ILO, OECD and WTO. Edited by Leary, Virginia A. and Daniel Warner. Leiden : Meiner Nighoff, 2006.
"A Close Look at a Few Points." 8 Journal of International Economic Law 311-319 (2005).
"A World Environmental Organization." in Reforming International Environmental Governance: From Institutional Limits to Innovative Reforms, 93-123, edited by W. Bradnee Chambers & Jessica F. Green. New York: United Nations University Press, 2005.
"An Analysis of Pascal Lamy's Proposal on Collective Preferences." 8 Journal of International Economic Law 449-472 (2005).
"The (Neglected) Employment Dimension of the World Trade Organization." in Social Issues, Globalisation and International Institutions: Labour Rights and the EU, ILO, OECD, and WTO, 124-155, edited by Virginia A. Leary & Daniel Warner. Leiden: Nijhoff, 2005.
"The Labor Dimension of the Emerging Free Trade Area of the Americas." in Labour Rights as Human Rights 143-176, edited by Philip Alston. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
"The Relevance of Non-State Actors to International Law: Comment." in Developments of International Law in Treaty Making, 543-556, edited by Rudiger Wolfrum & Volker Roben. Berlin: Springer, 2005.
"The WTO, Trade and the Environment." in The WTO, Trade and the Environment, 413-431, edited by Gary Sampson & John Whalley. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2005.
"Toward a World Environment Organization: Reflections Upon a Vital Debate," in A World Environment Organization: Solution or Threat for Effective International Environmental Governance? 89-116, edited by Frank Biermann & Steffen Bauer. Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005.
"World Trade Organization: Sanctions for Non-Compliance." in International Sanctions: Between Words and Wars in the Global System, 159-164, edited by Peter Wallensteen & Carina Staibano. London; New York: Frank Cass, 2005.
"Recent Developments and Scholarship on WTO Enforcement Remedies," in Inter-Governmental Trade Dispute Settlement: Multilateral and Regional Approaches, 151-165, edited by Julio Lacarte & Jaime Granados. London: Cameron May, 2004.
(With Bartels, Lorand; Robert Howse; Jane Bradley; Joost Pauwelyn & Donald Regan). "The Appellate Body's GSP Decision." (Internet Roundtable). 3 World Trade Review 239-265 (2004).
"The WTO and Cosmopolitics." (Mini Symposium: WTO Negotiators Meet the Academics - Challenges to the Legitimacy and Efficiency of the World Trading System.) 7 Journal of International Economic Law 675-682 (2004),
"Transparency and Participation in the World Trade Organization." 56 Rutgers Law Review 927-999 (2004).
"Using Framework Status to Facilitate U.S. Treaty Making." 98 American Journal of International law 696-710 (2004).
"Assessing the ILO's Effort to Develop Migration Law." 30 Legal Issues of Economic Integration 193-200 (2003).
"Comment on China's Participation in the World Trade Organization." 17 Temple International and Comparative Law Journal 105-108 (2003).
"Comment on the 'WTO Response'." in The Role of the Judge in International Trade Regulation, 212-217, edited by Thomas Cottier & Petros C. Mavroidis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.
"Professor Hudec's Contribution to World Order." (Tribute to Robert E. Hudec.) 6 Journal of International Economic Law 738-740 (2003).
"The World Trade Organization and Law Enforcement." 37 Journal of World Trade 817-837 (2003).
"Trade Law Norms on International Migration." in Migration and International Legal Norms, 241-253, edited by T. Alexander Aleinikoff & Vincent Chetail. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2003.
"WTO Dispute Settlement as a Model for International Governance." in Economic Globalization and Compliance with International Environmental Agreements, edited by Alexandre Kiss, Dinah Shelton & Kanami Ishibashi. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003.
"WTO Dispute Settlement as a Model for International Governance." in Economic Globalization and Compliance with International Environmental Agreements, 245-253, edited by Alexandre Kiss & Dinah Shelton. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003.
"A World Environment Organization." 27 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 323-362 (2002).
(With Kearns, Jason E.). "Adjudicating Compliance in the WTO: A Review of DSU Article 21.5." 5 Journal of International Economic Law331-352 (2002).
Reprinted in WTO Jurisprudence and Policy: Practitioners' Perspectives, 143-169, edited by Marco C.E.J. Bronckers & Gary N. Horlick. London: Cameron May, 2004.
"Improving the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards." in Trade, Environment, and the Millennium, 207-233, edited by Gary P. Sampson & W. Bradnee Chambers. 2nd ed. Tokyo: United Nations Press, 2002.
"Judicial Independence in the World Trade Organization." in International Organizations and International Dispute Settlement: Trends and Perspectives 219-240, edited by Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, Cezare P.R. Romano, & Ruth Mackenzie. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2002.
"Should the Teeth Be Pulled? An Analysis of WTO Sanctions." in The Political Economy of International Trade Law: Essays in Honor of Robert E. Hudec, edited by Daniel L.M. Kennedy & James D. Southwick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
"Solving the Production and Processing Methods (PPMs) Puzzle." in The Earthscan Reader on International Trade and Sustainable Development 229-264, edited by Kevin P. Gallagher & Jacob Werksman. London: Earthscan, 2002.
(With Cone, III, Sydney M.; Amelia Porges; Robert L. Howse; & Andreas F. Lowenfeld). "Symposium: The Greening of the World Trade Organization?" 21 New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law 147-174 (2002).
"The Law of Environmental 'PPMs' in the WTO: Debunking the Myth of Illegality." 27 Yale Journal of International law 59-110 (2002).
Reprinted in Jurisprudence and Policy: Practitioners' Perspectives, 717-782, edited by Marco C.E.J. Bronckers & Gary N. Horlick. London: Cameron May, 2004.
"The Legal Status of the Doha Declarations." 5 Journal of International Economic Law 207-211 (2002).
"The Supervision of Health and Biosafety Regulation by World Trade Rules." in The Earthscan Reader on International Trade and Sustainable Development, 265-287, edited by Kevin P. Gallagher & Jacob Werksman. London: Earthscan, 2002.
"Triangulating the World Trade Organization." 96 American Journal of International Law 28-55 (2002).
"WTO Cosmopolitics." 34 New York University Journal of International Law and Politics 299-354 (2002).
"Economic and Social Actors in the World Trade Organization." 7 ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law 259-274 (2001).
"Rethinking WTO Trade Sanctions," 95 American Journal of International Law, 792-832 (2001).
Reprinted in The WTO and International Trade Law/Dispute Settlement, 247-287, edited by Petros C. Mavroidis & Alan O. Sykes. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2005.
"Opening the WTO to Nongovernmental Interests." 24 Fordham International Law Journal 173-216 (2000).
"The International Labour Organization in its Second Century." 4 Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 147-184 (2000).
"Environmental Trade Sanctions and the GATT: An Analysis of the Pelly Amendment on Foreign Environmental Practices." 9 American University Journal of International Law and Policy 751-807 (1993).
Reprinted in Comparative Asian Environmental Law Anthology, edited by Alexander J. Bolla & Ted L. McDorman. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1999.
"Green Roots, Bad Pruning: GATT Rules and Their Application to Environmental Trade Measures." in Comparative Asian Environmental Law Anthology, edited by Alexander J. Bolla & Ted L. McDorman. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1999.
"Improving the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards." in Trade, Environment and the Millennium, 171-194, edited by Gary P. Sampson & W. Bradnee Chambers. Tokyo: United Nations Press, 1999.
"The Globalization of Economic Human Rights." 25 Brooklyn Journal of International Law 113-124 (1999).
"World Trade and the Environment: A Review of the New WTO Report." 12 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 523-541 (1999).
"Environment and Health under WTO Dispute Settlement." 32 The International Lawyer 901-921 (1998).
"Linking Topics in Treaties." 19 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 329-345 (1998).
"The Moral Exception in Trade Policy." 38 Virginia Journal of International Law 689-745 (1998).
"The Role of Trade Measures in Treaties." in Trade and the Environment: Bridging the Gap, 97-117, edited by Agata Fijalkowski & James Cameron. London: Cameron May, 1998.
"A Critical Guide to the WTO's Report on Trade and Environment." 14 Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law 341-379 (1997).
"The World Trade Organization and the Environment." 8 Yearbook of International Environmental Law 98-116 (1997).
"Two Centuries of Participation: NGOs and International Governance." 18 Michigan Journal of International Law 183-286 (1997).
"Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Trade Rules." 26 Environmental Policy and Law 163-169 (1996).
"Participation of Nongovernmental Organizations in the World Trade Organization." 17 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 331-357 (1996).
(With Wickham, Steve). "Non-Governmental Organizations and the Original International Trade Regime." 29 Journal of World Trade 111-122 (1995).
"Free Trade, Fair Trade, Green Trade: Defogging the Debate." 27 Cornell International Law Journal 459-525 (1994).
"No Time for NEPA: Trade Agreements on a Fast Track." 3 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade 195-230 (1994).
"The NAFTA Environmental Side Agreement: Implications for Environmental Cooperation, Trade Policy and American Treatymaking." 8 Temple International and Comparative Law Journal 257-314 (1994).
"The World Trade Organization and Social Issues." 28 Journal of World Trade 17033 (1994).
"Environmental Trade Measures: Multilateral or Unilateral?" 23 Environmental Policy and Law 154-159 (1993).
"Environmentalism Confronts GATT Rules: Recent Developments and New Opportunities." 27 Journal of World Trade 37-53 (1993).
"Fair Labor Standards and International Trade." 20 Journal of World Trade Law 61-78 (1986).
What Shapes the Law? Reflections on the History, Law, Politics and Economics of International and European Subsidy Disciplines, 19 World Trade Rev. 488 (2020) (book review).
Book Review, 110 Am. J. Int’l L. 614 (2016) (reviewing Francis Maupain, The Future of the International Labour Organization in the Global Economy (2013)).
"Reinventing the ILO: What Future for Industrial Relations?." Review of The Future of the International Labour Organization in the Global Economy, by Francis Maupain. 154 International Labour Review 91-96 (2015).
Review of The Institutional Veil in Public International Organisations and the Law of Treaties, by Catherine Brolmann. 103 American Journal of International Law 627-629 (2009).
Review of Trade and Employment: Challenges for Policy Research, a Joint Study of the International Labour Office and the Secretariat of the World Trade Organization. 11 Journal of International Economic Law 167-176 (2008).
Review of Fast Track: A Legal, Historical and Political Analysis, by Hal S. Shapiro. 10 Journal of International Economic Law 153-161 (2007).
Review of Non-Governmental Organisations in International Law, by Anna-Karin Lindblom, and NGOs and the United Nations: Institutionalization, Professionalization and Adaptation, by Kerstin Martens. 100 American Journal of International Law 751-757 (2006).
Review of Why Globalization Works, by Martin Wolf. 99 American Journal of International Law 729-730 (2005).
Review of La Jurisprudence de l'OMC/The Case-Law of the WTO, 1996-1997, edited by Brigitte Stern & Helene Ruiz Fabri. in 98 American Journal of International Law 883-884 (2004).
Review of 'Like Products' in International Trade Law: Towards a Consistent GATT/WTO Jurisprudence, by Won-Mog Choi, in 98 American Journal of International Law 610-614 (2004).
Review of World Social Forum: Challenging Empires, edited by Jai Sen. 2004 Transnational Associations no. 2, p. 176 (2004).
How to Save WTO Dispute Settlement from the Trump Administration, Int'l Econ. L. & Pol'y Blog (Nov. 3, 2017, 12:01 PM), http://worldtradelaw.typepad.com/ielpblog/2017/11/how-to-save-wto-dispute-settlement-from-the-trump-administration.html.
(With Fischer, Carolyn.) Canada Renewable Energy: Implications for TWO Law on Green and Not-Si0Green Subsidies. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, 2014.
Available at: http://www.rff.org/files/sharepoint/WorkImages/Download/RFF-DP-14-38.pdf.
"Green Subsidies and the WTO," Policy Research Working Paper 7060. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group, 2014.
Available at http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/607731468331864128/pdf/WPS7060.pdf.
"New Opportunities for Nongovernmental Actors in the International Law Commission," The George Washington University Law School: Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper No. 508, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 508 (May 2010).
Available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1616868.