Pierce, Richard J., Jr.

GW Law Faculty Publications

May 11, 2017

SSRN | Scholarly Commons


(With Shapiro, Sidney A. & Paul R. Verkuil). Administrative Law and Process. 6th ed. New York: Foundation Press, 2014.
     First edition published in 1985.
     Second edition published in 1992.
     Third edition published in 1999.
     Fourth edition published in 2004.
     Fifth edition published in 2009.

(With Hickman, Kristin E.) Federal Administrative Law: Cases and Materials. 2nd ed. New York : Foundation Press, 2014.
     First edition published in 2010.

Administrative Law. 2nd ed. New York : Foundation Press, 2012.
     First edition published in 2008.

Administrative Law Treatise. 5th ed. New York: Aspen Law & Business, 2010.
     Third edition (with Kenneth Culp Davis) published in 1995.
     Fourth edition published in 2002.
     Supplemented annually.

(With Gellhorn, Ernest). Regulated Industries in a Nutshell. 4th ed. St. Paul: West, 1999.
     First edition published in 1982.
     Second edition published in 1987.
     Third edition published in 1994.

Economic Regulation. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing Co., 1994. 

(Verkuil, Paul R.; Daniel Gifford; Charles Koch & Jeffrey Lubbers). The Federal Administrative Judiciary. Washington, DC: Administrative Conference of the United States, 1992. 

Regulation and Competition in Natural Gas Distribution. Washington, DC: Council on Economic Regulation, 1990. 

(With Allison, Gary D. & Patrick H. Martin). Economic Regulation: Energy, Transportation, and Utilities: Cases and Materials. Indianapolis: Mitchie Co.; Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1980. 

Natural Gas Regulation Handbook. (Editor). New York: Executive Enterprises Publications, 1980.
     Supplemented 1982.

(With Herman, Stephan A.). Natural Gas Users Handbook. Washington, DC: Bureau of National Affairs, 1976. 



A Comparison of the Cultures and Performance of a Modern Agency and a Nineteenth-Century Agency, in Administrative Law from the Inside Out: Essays on Themes in the Work of Jerry L. Mashaw 297 (Nicholas R. Parrillo ed., 2017).

The Future of Deference, 84 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 1293 (2016).

Justice Scalia’s Unparalleled Contributions to Administrative Law, 101 Minn. L. Rev. Headnotes 66 (2016), http://www.minnesotalawreview.org/headnotes/justice-scalias-unparalleled-contributions-to-administrative-law/.

The Regulatory Budget Debate, 19 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol’y 249 (2016).

Response to Mitnick Re:  What Consumers Want, Fortnightly, Aug. 2016, at 7.

(With Hammond, Emily.) "The Clean Power Plan: Testing the Limits of Administrative Law and the Electric Grid," 7 The George Washington Journal of Energy & Environmental Law 1-17 (2016).

"The Rocky Relationship Between the Federal Trade Commission and Administrative Law," 83 The George Washington Law Review 2026-2048 (2016).

"Peter Strauss: Teacher, Scholar, and Ambassador at Large," 67 Administrative Law Review 369-384 (2015).

"Comparing Dutch and U.S. Approaches to Reducing Emissions of CO2," 20 Utilities Law Review 282 (2015).

"The Administrative Conference and Empirical Research," 83 The George Washington Law Review 1564-1574 (2015).

"Which Institution Should Determine Whether an Agency's Explanation of a Tax Decisions Is Adequate?: A Response to Steve Johnson," 64 Duke Law Journal Online 1-17 (2014), http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1003&context=dlj_online.

"District Court Review of Findings of Fact Proposed by Magistrates: Reality Versus Fiction," 81 The George Washington Law Review 1236-1254 (2013).

"Natural Gas Fracking Addresses All of Our Major Problems," 4 The George Washington Journal of Energy and Environmental Law 22-25 (2013).

"A Primer on Demand Response and a Critique of FERC Order 745," 3 The George Washington Journal of Energy and Environmental Law 102-109 (2012).

"Legal Disputes Related to Climate Change Will Continue for a Century," 42 Environmental Law 1257-1274 (2012).

"Natural Gas: A Long Bridge to a Promising Destination," 32 Utah Environmental Law Review 245-252 (2012).

"Rulemaking Ossification Is Real: A Response to Testing the Ossification Thesis," 80 The George Washington Law Review 1493-1503 (2012).

(With Weiss, Joshua.) "An Empirical Study of Judicial Review of Agency Interpretations of Agency Rules," 63 Administrative Law Review 515-523 (2011).

"Introduction to the OIRA 30th Anniversary Conference," 63 Administrative Law Review 1-6 (2011).

"Paul Verkuil: An Outstanding Scholar in His Spare Time," 32 Cardozo Law Review 2445-2457 (2011).

"The Past, Present, and Future of Energy Regulation," 31Utah Environmental Law Review 291-307 (2011).
     Available at: http://epubs.utah.edu/index.php/jlrel/article/view/516/381.

"What Do the Studies of Judicial Review of Agency Actions Mean?," 63 Administrative Law Review 77-98 (2011).

"What Should We Do About Social Security Disability Appeals?," 34 Regulation 34-41 (2011).
      Available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1956016.

"Making Sense of Procedural Injury," 62 Administrative Law Review 1-18 (2010).

"Response: Presidential Control Is Better Than the Alternatives," 88 Texas Law Review See Also 113-124 (2010), http://www.texaslrev.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Pierce-88-TLRSA-113.pdf.

"What Factors Can an Agency Consider in Making a Decision," 2009 Michigan State Law Review 51-66.

"Chevron Should Not be Converted into a Voting Rule: A Response to Gersen & Vermeule's Proposal." 116 Yale Law Journal Pocket Part 248-253 (2007), http://www.yalelawjournal.org/forum/chevron-should-not-be-converted-into-a-voting-rule-a-response-to-gersen-and-vermeuleas-proposal.

"Energy Independence and Global Warming." 21 Natural Resources and Environment no. 3, p. 68-71 (Winter 2007).

"How Agencies Should Give Meaning to the Statutes They Administer: A Response to Mashaw and Strauss." 59 Administrative Law Review 197-205 (2007).

(with Trebilcock, Michael, and Evan Thomas.) "Regional Electricity Market Integration: A Comparative Perspective,"" 8 Competition and Regulation in Network Industries 215-257 (2007).

"Waiting for Vermont Yankee III, IV, and V? A Response to Beermann and Lawson." 75 The George Washington Law Review 902-920 (2007).

(With Trebilcock, Michael & Evan Thomas). "Beyond Gridlock: The Case for Greater Integration of Regional Electricity Markets." Commentary, No. 228. (C.D. Howe Institute). (Mar. 2006).

"Democratizing the Administrative State." 48 William & Mary Law Review 559-611 (2006).

"Completing the Process of Restructuring the Electricity Market." 40 Wake Forest Law Review451-495 (2005).

"Environmental Regulation, Energy, and Market Entry." 15 Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum 167-186 (2005).

"Mergers in the U.S. Electric Power Industry." 6 Journal of Network Industries 3 (2005).

"The Nuclear Option: Will Investment be Derailed by Process?" 16 Spark 3 (2005).

"Waiting for Vermont Yankee II." 57 Administrative Law Review 669-686 (2005).

"Judge Lamberth's Reign of Terror at the Department of Justice." 56 Administrative Law Review 235-262 (2004).

"Reconstituting the Natural Gas Industry from Wellhead to Burnertip." 25 Energy Law Journal 57-112 (2004).

"Why FERC Must Mandate Efficiently Structured Regional ISOs--Now!" 12 The Electricity Journal no.1, p.49-56 (Jan./Feb. 1999)

"Déją Vu All Over Again: The Return of Project Independence and Ratepayer-Funded DSM." 16 The Electricity Journal no.2, p.77-81 (Mar. 2003).

"Market Manipulation and Market Flaws." 16 The Electricity Journal no.1, p.39-46 (Jan./Feb. 2003).

"What is Navigable Water? Canoes Count But Kayaks Do Not." 53 Syracuse Law Review 1067-1092 (2003).

"Effects of the New Italian Constitution on Electricity Regulation: Lessons from the U.S. Experience." 19 Rassegna Giurdica Dell' Energia Elettrica 504 (2002).

"How Will the California Debacle Affect Energy Deregulation?" 54 Administrative Law Review 389-408 (2002).

"Regional Transmission Organizations: Federal Limitations Needed for Tort Liability." 23 Energy Law Journal 63-80 (2002).

"The Appropriate Role of Costs in Environmental Regulation." 54 Administrative Law Review 1237-1273 (2002).

"The Special Contributions of the D.C. Circuit to Administrative Law." 90 Georgetown Law Journal 779-786 (2002).

"Is Post-Chicago Economics Really for the Courtroom? A Response to Professor Brennan." 69 George Washington Law Review 1103-1125 (2001).

"Issues Raised by Friends of the Earth v. Laidlaw Environmental Services: Access to the Courts for Environmental Plaintiffs." 11 Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum 207 (2001).

"Science, Agencies and the Courts: Is Three a Crowd?" (Panel Discussion). 30 Environmental Law Reporter 10125-10140 (January, 2001).

"Antidumping Law as a Means of Facilitating Cartelization." 67 Antitrust Law Journal 725-743 (2000).

"Distinguishing Legislative Rules from Interpretative Rules." 52 Administrative Law Review 547-574 (2000).

"Reply to Thomas R. Howell." (Response to Thomas R. Howel, 68 Antitrust Law Journal 297-305). 68 Antitrust Law Journal 307 (2000).

"The Inherent Limits on Judicial Control of Agency Discretion: The D.C. Circuit and the Nondelegation Doctrine." 52 Administrative Law Review 63-95 (2000).

"Is Standing Law or Politics?" 77 North Carolina Law Review 1741-1789 (1999).

"The Relationship between the District of Columbia Circuit and its Critics." 67 George Washington Law Review 797-803 (1999).

"Causation in Government Regulation and Toxic Torts." 76 Washington University Law Quarterly 1307-1340 (1998).

"Conceptual Issues Raised by the PECO/Enron Dispute." 11 The Electricity Journal no.3, p.26-38 (Apr. 1998)

"Small is Not Beautiful: The Case against Special Regulatory Treatment of Small Firms." 50 Administrative Law Review 537-578 (1998).

"The Antitrust Implications of Energy Restructuring." 12 Natural Resources & Environment 269-275 (1998).

"FERC Must Adopt an Efficient Transmission Pricing System--Now" 10 The Electricity Journal no.8, p.79-85 (Oct. 1997).

"Judicial Review of Agency Actions in a Period of Diminishing Agency Resources." 49 Administrative Law Review 61-94 (1997).

"Merger Policy and Federalism." 10 The Electricity Journal no.7, p.49-55 (Aug./Sept. 1997).

"Reconciling Chevron and Stare Decisis." 85 Georgetown Law Review 2225-2263 (1997).

"Retail Gas Reform: Learning from the Georgia Model." 135 Public Utilities Fortnightly no.8, p.22-25 (Apr. 15, 1997).

"Agency Authority to Define the Scope of Private Rights of Action." 48 Administrative Law Review 1-29 (1996).

"Antitrust Policy in the New Electricity Journal." 17 Energy Law Journal 29-58 (1996).

"Rulemaking and the Administrative Procedure Act." 32 Tulsa Law Journal 185-201 (1996).

"Slow Down the Mega-Merger Feeding Frenzy." 9 Electricity Journal no.1, p.10-13 (Jan./Feb. 1996).

"The APA and Regulatory Reform." (Symposium on the 50th Anniversary of the APA). 10 The Administrative Law Journal of the American University 81-88 (1996).

"The Due Process Counterrevolution of the 1990s." 96 Columbia Law Review 1973-1999 (1996).

"Harvard Electricity Policy Group: Regulatory Decisionmaking Reform." (Includes Conference Addendum)(Panel Discussion). 8 The Administrative Law Journal of the American University 789-926 (1995).

"Justice Breyer: Intentionalist, Pragmatist and Empiricist." (Justice Stephen Breyer's Contribution to Administrative Law). 8 The Administrative Law Journal of the American University 747-754 (1995).

"Legislative Reform of Judicial Review Agency Actions." (Response to Articles by Sidney A. Shapiro and Richard E. Levy in same issue) (Twenty-Sixth Annual Administrative Law issue). 44 Duke Law Journal 1110-1132 (1995).

"Seven Ways to Deossify Agency Rulemaking." 47 Administrative Law Review 59-95 (1995).

"The Evolution of Natural Gas Regulatory Policy." 10 Natural Resources & Environment 53 (1995).

"The Supreme Court's New Hypertextualism: An Invitation to Cacophony and Incoherence in the Administrative State." 95 Columbia Law Review 749-781 (1995).

"The Advantages of De-Integrating the Electricity Industry." 7 The Electricity Journal no.9, p.16 (Nov. 1994).

"The State of the Transition to Competitive Markets in Natural Gas and Electricity." 15 Energy Law Journal 323-350 (1994).

"Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife: Standing as a Judicially Imposed Limit on Legislative Power." (Response to article by Gene R. Nichol in same issue). 42 Duke Law Journal 1170-1201 (1993).

"Experiences with Natural Gas Regulation and Competition in the U.S. Federal System: Lessons for Europe." in Natural Gas in the Internal Market: A Review of Energy Policy, edited by Ernst J. Mestmacker. London ; Boston: Graham & Trotman; Baden-Baden : Nomos, 1993.

(with Black, Bernard S.). "The Choice Between Markets and Central Planning in Regulating the U.S. Electricity Industry." 93 Columbia Law Review 1339-1441 (1993).

"Intrastate Natural Gas Regulation: An Alternative Perspective." (Response to Suedeen G. Kelly, 9 Yale Journal on Regulation 355 (1992)). 9 Yale Journal on Regulation 407-416 (1992).

"Placing the Duquesne Opinion in a Political Framework." (Response to article by A. Lawrence Kolbe and William B. Tye in same issue, p. 129). 15 Research in Law and Economics 171-182 (1992).

"Effectiveness of Judicial Review in Agency Cases." (Proceedings of the Fifty-First Judicial Conference of the District of Columbia Circuit) (Panel Discussion). 134 Federal Rules Decisions 440-463 (1991).

"How Much Should an Administrative Law Course Accomplish?: A Response to Schotland's (Roy A. Schotland) 'Five Easy Pieces.'" 43 Administrative Law Review 123-126 (1991).

"The Unintended Effects of Judicial Review of Agency Rules: How Federal Courts have Contributed to the Electricity Crisis of the 1990's." 43 Administrative Law Review 7-29 (1991).

"Political Control Versus Impermissible Bias in Agency Decisionmaking: Lessons from Chevron and Mistretta." (Special Issue: Administering the Administrative State). 57 University of Chicago Law Review 481-519 (1990).

(with Moglen, Eben). "Sunstein's New Canons: Choosing the Fictions of Statutory Interpretation." 57 University of Chicago Law Review 1203-1245 (1990).

"Unruly Judicial Review of Rulemaking." (Administrative Law and Practice). 5 Natural Resources & Environment 23 (1990).

"Using the Gas Industry as a Guide to Reconstituting the Electricity Industry." (Electric Power Symposium). 13 Research in Law and Economics 7-56 (1990).

"Who Will Mandate Access to Transmission: FERC or the Courts?" 125 Public Utilities Fortnightly 28-29 (1990).

"Public Utility Regulatory Takings: Should the Judiciary Attempt to Police the Political Institutions?" 77 Georgetown Law Journal 2031-2077 (1989).

"Separation of Powers and the Limits of Independence." (The American Constitutional Tradition of Shared and Separated Powers). 30 William and Mary Law Review 365-373 (1989).

"The Future of the Nantahala Doctrine in the Gas Industry." (Intergovernmental Relations - Whose Authority Ends Where?). 4 Natural Resources & Environment 21 (1989).

"The Role of the Judiciary in Implementing an Agency Theory of Government." 64 New York University Law Review 1239-1285 (1989).

"Chevron and its Aftermath: Judicial Review of Agency Interpretations of Statutory Provisions." 41 Vanderbilt Law Review 301-314 (1988).

"Morrison v. Olsen, Separation of Powers, and the Structure of Government." 1988 Supreme Court Review 1-41.

"Reconstituting the Natural Gas Industry from Wellhead to Burnertip." 9 Energy Law Journal 1-57 (1988).

"Two Problems in Administrative Law: Political Polarity on the District of Columbia Circuit and Judicial Deterrence of Agency Rulemaking." 1988 Duke Law Journal 300-328.

"Lessor-Lessee Relations in a Turbulent Gas Market." 38 Southwestern Legal Foundation Institute on Oil & Gas Law & Taxation 8-1 (1987).

"Political Accountability and Delegated Power: A Response to Professor Lowi." (A Symposium on Administrative Law, 'The Uneasy Constitutional Status of the Administrative Agencies,' April 4, 1986). 36 American University Law Review 391-418 (1987).

"State Non-Utility Regulation of Natural Gas Production, Transportation, and Marketing." in Institute on Natural Gas Marketing. Denver: Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, 1987.

"State Regulation of Natural Gas in a Federally Deregulated Market: The Tragedy of the Commons Revisited." 73 Cornell Law Review 15-53 (1987).

"Use of the Federal Rules of Evidence in Federal Agency Adjudications." 39 Administrative Law Review 1-26 (1987).

"A Proposal to Deregulate the Market for Bulk Power." 72 Virginia Law Review 1183-1235 (1986).

"Institutional Aspects of Tort Reform." 73 California Law Review 917-940 (1985).

"Regulation, Deregulation, Federalism and Administrative Law: Agency Power to Preempt State Regulation." 46 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 607-671 (1985).

"The Role of Constitutional and Political Theory in Administrative Law." 64 Texas Law Review 469-525 (1985).

"Issues in Gas Contract Litigation." 35 Southwestern Legal Foundation Institute on Oil & Gas Law & Taxation 61-86 (1984).

"The Regulatory Treatment of Mistakes in Retrospect: Canceled Plants and Excess Capacity." 132 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 497-560 (1984).

"Current Issues in Regulation: Gas Purchase Contracts." in Proceedings of the Tertiary Oil Recovery Conference (1983).

"Reconsidering the Roles of Regulation and Competition in the Natural Gas Industry." 97 Harvard Law Review 345-385 (1983).

"The Constitutionality of State Environmental Taxes." (Symposium on Land Loss in the Louisiana Coastal Zone). 58 Tulane Law Review 169-214 (1983).

"The Market Value Royalty Controversy in Louisiana--The Case for the Lesser." 30 Annual Institute on Mineral Law 436-460 (1983).

"Developments in Natural Gas Regulation: High Cost Gas, Deregulation, and Contract Issues." (33rd Annual Institute on Oil and Gas Law and Taxation). 33 Southwestern Legal Foundation Institute on Oil & Gas Law & Taxation 1-16 (1982).

"Natural Gas Regulation, Deregulation and Contracts." 68 Virginia Law Review 63-115 (1982).

"Admissibility of Expert Testimony in Hearsay Form: Federal Rules of Evidence 803(6), 803(8), and 803(18)." 5 American Journal of Trial Advocacy 277-284 (1981).

Reprinted as "Admission of Expert Testimony in Hearsay Form: Federal Rules of Evidence 803(6), 803(8), and 803(18)." 17 Forum 500-509 (1981).

"Government Intervention in the Market for Oil and Gas: Price Controls, An Excise Tax, or Deregulation." 1 Virginia Journal of Natural Resources Law 229-245 (1981).

"Introduction: Symposium on the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978." 29 University of Kansas Law Review 297-302 (1981).

(with Shapiro, Sidney A.). "Political and Judicial Review of Agency Action." 59 Texas Law Review 1175-1222 (1981).

"Encouraging Safety: The Limits of Tort Law and Government Regulation." 33 Vanderbilt Law Review 1281-1331 (1980).

"Producer Regulation Under the Natural Gas Policy Act." 31 Southwestern Legal Foundation Institute on Oil & Gas Law & Taxation 99-129 (1980).

"Changing Regulatory Environment of Natural Gas Producer." 27 Oil and Gas Tax Quarterly 420-443 (1979).

"Economic Insights Broaden Approach to Law Courses." 2 Kansas Business Review 3 (1979).

"The Choice Between Adjudicating and Rulemaking for Formulating and Implementing Energy Policy." 31 Hastings Law Journal 1-102 (1979).

"The Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978," 26 Annual Institute on Mineral Law 1-25 (1979).

"Marginal Cost Pricing of Energy--But How?" 102 Public Utilities Fortnightly no.12, p.24-26 (Dec. 7, 1978).

"Natural Gas Rate Design--A Neglected Issue." 31 Vanderbilt Law Review 1089-1164 (1978).

"Obtaining Agency Consideration of a Competing Proposal: Alternatives to Ashbacker." 26 University of Kansas Law Review 185-200 (1978).



Review of Ebony and Ivy: Race, Slavery, and the Troubled History of America's Universities, by Steven Wilder. 40 Journal of College and University Law 579-583 (2014).

"The Battle to Protect the American Public Will Become Even More Difficult." Review of The People's Agents and the Battle to Protect the American Public: Special Interests, Government, and Threats to Health, Safety, and the Environment, by Rena Steinzor and Sidney Shapiro. 79 The George Washington Law Review 845-859 (2011).

"Saving the Unitary Executive Theory from Those Who Would Distort and Abuse It." Review of The Unitary Executive, by Steven G. Calabresi and Christopher S. Yoo. 12 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 593-613 (2010).

"Outsourcing Is Not Our Only Problem." Review of Outsourcing, Sovereignty: Why Privatization of Government Functions Threatens Democracy and What We Can Do About It, by Paul R. Verkuil. 76 The George Washington Law Review 1216-1231 (2008).

Review of Imperfect Alternatives: Choosing Institutions in Law, Economics and Public Policy, by Neil K. Komesavin. 83 California Law Review 941-951 (1995).

"Price Level Regulation Based on Inflation Is Not An Attractive Alternative to Profit Level Regulation." Review of Price Level Regulation for Diversified Public Utilities: An Assessment, by Jordan Jay Hillman and Ronald Braeutigam. 84 Northwestern University Law Review 665-694 (1990).

Review of Energy, Politics and Public Policy, by Walter A. Rosenbaum, and Energy Policy in Perspective: Today's Problems, Yesterday's Solutions, edited by Craufurd D. Goodwin. 34 Vanderbilt Law Review 1751-1761 (1981).



Rethinking Negotiated Rulemaking, JOTWELL, Dec. 2, 2016, http://adlaw.jotwell.com/rethinking-negotiated-rulemaking.