Saltzburg, Stephen A.

GW Law Faculty Publications

January 3, 2022

SSRN | Scholarly Commons


(With Graham C. Lilly & Daniel J. Capra.) Principles of Evidence (9th concise ed. 2022).
     Fifth concise edition published in 2009.
     Sixth concise edition published in 2012.
     Seventh concise edition published in 2015.
     Eighth concise edition published in 2019.

(With Daniel J. Capra. & Angela J. Davis.) Basic Criminal Procedure (8th ed. 2021).
     First edition published in 1994.
     Second edition published in 1997.
     Third edition published in 2003.
     Fourth edition published in 2005.
     Fifth edition published in 2009.
     Sixth edition published in 2012.
     Seventh edition published in 2017.

(With David A. Schleuter et al.) Military Evidentiary Foundations (7th ed. 2021).
     First edition published in 1994.
     Second edition published in 2000.
     Third edition published in 2007.
     Fourth edition published in 2010.
     Fifth edition published in 2013. 
     Sixth edition published in 2016.

(With Dennis D. Prater et al.) Evidence: The Objection Method (6th ed. 2021).
     First Edition (with Prater, Dennis D., Christine M. Arguello, Daniel J. Capra and Michael M. Martin) published in 1997 (Michie).
     1999 Supplement (with Dennis D. Prater).
     2000 Supplement (with Dennis D. Prater).
     Third edition published in 2007.
     Fourth edition published in 2011.
     Fifth edition published in 2016

(With David A. Schlueter.)  Texas Rules of Evidence Trial Book: Objections, Offers of Proof, Rulings on the Record, and Limiting Instructions (4th ed. 2020).
     First edition published in 2000 with David A. Schleuter and Robert R. Barton; published by LEXIS Law Pub.
     Second edition published in 2010.
     Third edition published in 2015.

(With Lee D.Schinasi, David A. Schleuter and Victor M. Hansen.) Military Rules of Evidence Manual (9th ed. 2020).
     First edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1981.
     Second edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1986.
     Third edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1991.
     Fourth edition (LEXIS Law Pub.) published in 1997.
     Sixth edition published in 2006.
     Seventh edition published in 2011.
     Eighth edition published in 2015.

(With Herbert J. Stern.) Trying Cases to Win: In One Volume (Student Edition, West Academic Publishing, 2020).

(With Capra, Daniel J., and Michael M. Martin). Federal Rules of Evidence Manual: A Complete Guide to the Federal Rules of Evidence. 12th ed. New York: LexisNexis, 2019.
     Includes semi-annual supplements.
     First edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1975.
     Second edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1977.
     Third edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1982.
     Fourth edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1986.
     Fifth edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1990.
     Sixth edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1994.
     Seventh edition (Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS) published in 1998.
     Eighth edition (Newark: LexisNexis) published in 2002.
     Ninth edition published in 2006.
     Tenth edition published in 2011.
     Eleventh edition published in 2015.

Trial Tactics (4th ed. 2019)
     First edition published in 2007.
     Second edition published in 2009.
     Third edition published in 2012.

(With David A. Schlueter & Jonathan K. Gitlen.) Federal Criminal Procedure Litigation Manual (2019- ).
     Published Annually.
     Previous editions published with David A. Schlueter.

(With Daniel J. Capra & David C. Gray). American Criminal Procedure: Cases and Commentary. (West Academic Press, 12th ed. 2022). Includes annual supplements.
     First edition published in 1980.
     Second edition published in 1984.
     Third edition published in 1988.
     Fourth edition published in 1992 (with David J. Capra).
     Fifth edition published in 1996 (with David J. Capra).
     Sixth edition published in 2000 (with David J. Capra).
     Seventh edition published in 2004 (with David J. Capra).
     Eighth edition published in 2007 (with David J. Capra).
     Ninth edition published in 2010 (with David J. Capra).
     Tenth edition published in 2014 (with David J. Capra).
     Eleventh edition published in 2018 (with David J. Capra).

(With Diamond, John L., Kit Kinports and Thomas H. Morawetz). Criminal Law: Cases and Materials. 4th ed. Durham:  Carolina Academic Press, 2017.
     First edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1994.
     Second edition published in 2000.
     Third edition published by Lexis Nexis in 2008.

(With Stern, Herbert Jay.) Trying Cases to Win: In One Volume. St. Paul: West Academic, 2020. 
    First edition (Chicago: ABA Publishing) published in 2013. 

(With Capra, Daniel J.) Casenote Legal Briefs. Criminal Procedure: Keyed to Saltzburg and Capra's American Criminal Procedure. New York: Aspen, 2005. 

(With Davis, Angela J. & Margaret Colgate Love, reporters). Justice Kennedy Commission Reports with Recommendations to the ABA House of Delegates. Stephen A. Saltzburg, Chair. Washington, DC: American Bar Association, 2004. 

(With Stern, Herbert J. & Daniel J. Capra). Trying Cases to Win. Vol. 1: Evidence--Weapons for Winning. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Law & Business, 2000-2004. 

(With Imwinkelried, Edward J.). California and Federal Rules of Evidence Trial Book. Charlottesville, VA: Lexis Law Pub., 1999. 

(With Burnside, Janet R. and Louis A. Jacobs). Ohio Rules of Evidence Trial Book: Objections, Offers of Proof, Rulings on the Record, and Limiting Instructions. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1999. 

(With Stern, Herbert J.). Trying Cases to Win: Anatomy of a Trial. Gaithersburg: Aspen Law & Business, 1999.
     Reprinted by Law Book Exchange, 2013.

(With Mitchell, John and Fred Tausend). Washington Evidence Trial Book: Objections, Offers of Proof, Rulings on the Record, and Limiting Instructions. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1999. 

Emerging Problems under the Federal Rules of Evidence. (Contributing Editor). 3rd ed. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1998.
     First edition (Chicago: ABA) published in 1983. (Reporter).
     Second edition (St. Paul: West) published in 1991. (Reporter).

Federal Rules of Evidence Manual: The Trial Book. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1998. 

Federal Rules of Evidence Trial Book: Objections, Offers of Proof, Rules on the Record, and Limiting Instructions. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1998. 

(With Capra, Daniel J.). United States Code Service (Lawyers' Edition). Court Rules, Federal Rules of Evidence, Commentary. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1998- . 

(With Perlman, Harvey S.). Federal Criminal Jury Instructions. 2nd ed. Charlottesville, VA: LEXIS Law Pub., 1991.
     First edition (Charlottesville, VA: Michie) published in 1985.

(With Hannum, Hurst and Richard B. Lillich). Materials on International Human Rights and U.S. Criminal Law and Procedure. Washington, DC: Procedural Aspects of International Law Institute, 1989. 

(With Joseph, Gregory P.). Evidence in America: The Federal Rules in the States. Charlottesville: Michie Co., 1987. 

(With Oakey, John M., Jr.). Report of the Committee to Draft Rules of Evidence for Virginia. Richmond, VA: Supreme Court of Virginia, 1985. 

(With Goetz, Charles J. and Gregory P. Joseph). Using Experts: Pretrial Preparation, Trial Testimony and Settling Cases. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska College of Law, 1985. 

(With Lembert, Richard O.). A Modern Approach to Evidence: Text, Problems, Transcripts, and Cases. 2nd ed. St. Paul: West, 1982.
     First edition published in 1977.

Evidence Supplement: Rules, Statutes, Commentary. St. Paul: West Publishing Co., 1980. 

Proposed Alaska Rules of Evidence: With Preliminary Revisions by the Alaska Supreme Court Committee on Rules of Evidence. Anchorage: Committee on Rules of Evidence, 1977. 


Rule 414 and Detailed Evidence, Crim. Just., Summer 2023, at 67.

Solving the State of Mind Mystery, Crim. L. Bull., Summer 2023, at art. 2

Continuing Problems with Dual Purpose Witnesses, Crim. Just., Spring 2023, at 49.

Bye-Bye, Res Gestae, Crim. Just., Winter 2023, at 59.

Improper Expert Vouching, Crim. Just., Fall 2022, at 61.

Sending a Message in Closing Argument, Crim. Just., Summer 2022, at 51.

State of Mind: Dual Purpose, Crim. Just., Spring 2022, at 51.

An Unnecessary Hearsay Mistake, Crim. Just., Winter 2022, at 47.

Video Exhibits in the Jury Room, Crim. Just., Fall 2021, at 51

Silent Witness Phone Call Identification, Crim. Just., Summer 2021, at 42.

Prior Consistent Statements, Crim. Just., Spring 2021, at 56.
     Reprinted by GP Solo eReport, June 2022,        

Too Much Religion in the Jury Room?, Crim. Just., Winter 2021, at 49.

Avoiding Hypothetical Rulings, Crim. Just., Fall 2020, at 67.

Nullification? No!, Crim. Just., Summer 2020, at 46.

Kansas v. Glover:  Just Common Sense?, Geo. Wash. L. Rev. On the Docket (Oct. 2019 Term) (April 13, 2020),

Improper Golden Rule Argument, Crim. Just., Spring 2020, at 47.

Defendant’s Excited Utterance, Crim. Just., Fall 2019, at 54.

Excessive Advocacy: An Illustrative Case, Crim. Just., Summer 2019, at 58.

Present-Sense Impression and an Anonymous Declarant, Crim. Just., Spring 2019, at 57

Sham Marriage and Privilege, Crim. Just., Winter 2019, at 51.

Waiving Evidentiary Claims: An Illustrative Case, Crim. Just., Fall 2018, at 41.

Third-Party Culpability Evidence, Crim. Just., Summer 2018, at 42.

The Duty to Investigate and the Availability of Expert Witnesses, 86 Fordham L. Rev. 1709 (2018).

Evidence Supporting an Advice of Counsel Defense, Crim. Just., Spring 2018, at 37.

Limits on the Common Interest Attorney-Client Privilege, Crim. Just., Winter 2018, at 64.

Turner v. United States:  Exculpatory Evidence Problems Continue, Geo. Wash. L. Rev. On the Docket (July 16, 2017),

Rule 410 and the Scope of Waiver, Crim. Just.,  Summer 2017, at 51.

Impermissible Expert Testimony on Credibility:  An Illustrative Case, Crim. Just., Spring 2017, at 41.

Codefendant Comments on Evidence, Crim. Just., Winter 2017, at 39.

"Prior Inconsistent Statements and Substantive Evidence: Federal Rule 801(d)(1)(A): The Compromise," 84 Fordham Law Review 1499-1507 (2016).

"Rethinking the Rationale(s) for Hearsay Exceptions," 84 Fordham Law Review 1485-1497 (2016).

"Expert or Lay Opinion," Criminal Justice, Fall 2016, at 45.

"Attorney-Client Privilege and Common Interest," Criminal Justice, Summer 2016, at 47.

"Prior Inconsistent Statement to Impeach 'I Don’t Recall':  An Illustrative Case", Criminal Justice, Spring 2016, at 44.

"Rule 413 and Charged Propensity Evidence," Criminal Justice, Winter 2016, at 35.

"Advocate Yes; Witness No," Criminal Justice, Winter 2015, at 34-36.

"Amending the Uniform Collateral Consequence of Conviction Act," Criminal Law Practitioner, Summer 2015, at 30-41.

"Authentication and Hearsay: Which Trumps?," Criminal Justice, Spring 2015, at 48-50.

"Informant Privilege," Criminal Justice, Summer 2015, at 60.

"Proper and Improper Use of Immunized Testimony," Criminal Justice, Fall 2015, at 44.

" Reading Transcripts," Criminal Justice, Spring 2014, at 41-47.

"Direct Examination: Controlling Play Between Witness and Jury," Criminal Justice, Fall 2014, at 4-13.

"Inconsistent Jury Verdicts," Criminal Justice, Summer 2014, at 27-29.

"Litigating Against the Government," 4 GP Solo E-Report No. 11 (August 2014).
         Available at

"Proper and Improper Use of Other Act Evidence," Criminal Justice, Winter 2014, at 46-48.

"The Limitation on Exclusion of Extrinsic Evidence," Criminal Justice, Fall 2014, at 43-55.

"Child Testimony and the Right to Present a Defense," Criminal Justice, Spring 2013, at 58.

"Judicial Innovations to Screen Eyewitness Identifications," Criminal Justice, Summer 2013, at 38.

"Someone Must Be Lying," Criminal Justice, Fall 2013, at 69.

"Voice Identification Experts," Criminal Justice, Winter 2013, at 48-50.

"Beginning Testimony with an Overview Witness," Criminal Justice, Summer 2012, at 53-55.

"Cross-Examining the Defendant about Other Witnesses," Criminal Justice, Winter 2012, at 46-48.

"One Person's Statement to Prove Another's Actions," Criminal Justice, Spring 2012, at 57-59.

"Privilege Objections to Grand Jury Subpoenas for Documents," Criminal Justice, Fall 2012, at 44-46.

"Restyling Choices and a Mistake," 53 William & Mary Law Review 1517-1527 (2012).

"Dissecting Declarations Against Interest," Criminal Justice, Fall 2011, at 51-70.

(With Capra, Daniel.) "Expert Testimony and Confrontation: Bullcoming v. New Mexico," 2011 Emerging Issues 5495 [].

"Federal Rule of Evidence 408 and Criminal Cases," Criminal Justice, Spring 2011, at 41-44.

"Federal Rule of Evidence 408 and Criminal Cases," GPSolo, Sept. 2011, at 24-46.

"Proper and Improper Closing Argument," Criminal Justice, Summer 2011, at 62-64.

"The Right Objection," 25 Criminal Justice 54 (Winter 2011).

"Dealing with Juror Misconduct," 25 Criminal Justice 20 (Spring 2010).

"Dual Roles: Fact and Expert Witness," 25 Criminal Justice 32 (Fall 2010).

"Refreshing Recollection: Witnesses with Memory Problems," 25 Criminal Justice 43 (Summer 2010).

"The Potential Importance of Rule 608(B) Evidence," 24 Criminal Justice 38 (Winter 2010).

"Miranda, the Functional Equivalent of Interrogation and Taint," Criminal Justice, Fall 2009, at 56-58.

"Present Sense Impressions and the Passage of Time," Criminal Justice, Summer 2009, at 37-38.

"Proof of a Drug Trafficking Conspiracy," Criminal Justice, Winter 2009, at 36-38.

"Using Prior Statements," Criminal Justice, Spring 2009, at 45-48.

"Changes to Model Rules Impact Prosecutors," Criminal Justice, Spring 2008, at 13-15.

"Equipment, Hearsay, and Authentication," Criminal Justice, Winter 2008, at 38-41.

"Pejorative Closing Arguments," Criminal Justice, Spring 2008, at 49-51.

"Picking the Correct Argument," Criminal Justice, Summer 2008, at 50-53.

"Rule 404(B) and Reversal on Appeal," Criminal Justice, Fall 2008, at 47-51.

"The Importance of an Independent Bar," 22 Criminal Justice 1 (Winter 2008).

(With Capra, Daniel J.) "The Unrecognized Right of Criminal Defendants to Admit Their Own Pretrial Statements," 49 William & Mary Law Review 1991-2039 (2008).

"Where Is Criminal Justice in this Presidential Year?," Criminal Justice, Summer 2008, at 1, 35-36.

"A Better Way to Sanction Bad Behavior," 22 Criminal Justice 1 (Fall 2007).

"A Different War: Ten Key Questions About the War on Terror." 75 The George Washington Law Review 1021-1048 (2007).

"Daubert and Code Interpretation," 22 Criminal Justice 56-59 (Fall 2007).

"'Impeaching' Cooperating Witnesses," 22 Criminal Justice 47-49 (Summer 2007).

"Improper Use of Plea Agreements to Vouch," 21 Criminal Justice 49-51 (Winter 2007).

"Improper Use of the Trial Judge as Voucher," 22 Criminal Justice 55-57 (Spring 2007).

"Preparing for Disasters: An Introduction." 15 ABA Criminal Justice Section Newsletter 1-2, 16 (Winter 2007).

"A Grand Slam of Professional Irresponsibility and Judicial Disregard." 34 Hofstra Law Review 783-819 (2006).
     Reprinted in Judicial Ethics (Keith Swisher ed., 2017).

"Guilt Assuming Hypotheticals: Basic Character Evidence Rules." 20 Criminal Justice, no. 4, p. 47-49 (Winter 2006).

"Reverse Rule 404(b) Evidence, Part I." 20 Criminal Justice 42-44 (Spring 2006).

"Reverse Rule 404(b) Evidence, Part II." 20 Criminal Justice 56-58 (Summer 2006).

"Testimonial Hearsay and Confrontation." 21 Criminal Justice 47-49 (Fall 2006).

"The Fourth Amendment: Internal Revenue Code or Body of Principles?" 74 The George Washington Law Review 956-1018 (2006).

"Compulsory Process Clause," in The Heritage Guide to the Constitution, p. 355-357. Washington, D.C.: Heritage Foundation, 2005.

"Dangers of Homicidal Cross-Examination." 20 Criminal Justice, no. 1, p. 44-46 (Spring 2005).
     Reprinted in 22 GP Solo, no. 6, p. 26-27 (Sept. 2005).

"Other Act Evidence: The Importance of Context." 20 Criminal Justice, no. 2, p. 59-62 (Summer 2005).

"Plea Agreements: Confrontation Versus Vouching." 20 Criminal Justice, no. 3, p. 65-67 (Fall 2005).

"Supplemental Arguments: Good or Bad Idea?" 19 Criminal Justice no. 4, p. 57-59 (Winter 2005).

"Interpreting Code II." 18 Criminal Justice no. 4, p. 48-50 (Winter 2004).

"Prior Inconsistent Statements and Collateral Matters." 19 Criminal Justice no. 3, p. 45-47 (Fall 2004).

"Privilege Versus Compulsory Process." 19 Criminal Justice no. 1, p. 68-69 (Spring 2004).

"Threats: Bolstering or Impeaching." 19 Criminal Justice no. 2, p. 45-46 (Summer 2004).

"Closing Argument Vouching: Crossing the Line." 18 Criminal Justice no. 2, p. 42-45 (Summer 2003).

"Interpreting Code." 18 Criminal Justice no. 3, p. 46-47 (Fall 2003).

"Limits on Non-Hearsay Use of Statements." 18 Criminal Justice no. 1, p. 66-70 (Spring 2003).

"The Supreme Court, Criminal Procedure and Judicial Integrity." 40 American Criminal Law Review 133-158 (2003).

"Three Basic Principles." 17 Criminal Justice no. 4, p. 40-45 (Winter 2003).

"Declarations Against Interest and the Confrontation Clause." 16 Criminal Justice no. 4, at 51-57 (Winter 2002).

"Offers of Proof: The Basic Requirement." 17 Criminal Justice no. 3, p. 50-54 (Fall 2002).

"Permissible, Impermissible Corroboration of Witnesses." 17 Criminal Justice no. 1, p. 36-39 (Spring 2002).

"Questioning the Judicial Role in Dealing with Expert Testimony in Complex and Non-Complex Cases." 3 Sedona Conference Journal 185-197 (2002).

"Declarations Against Interest." 16 Criminal Justice, no. 3, at 36-39 (Fall 2001).

"Due Process, History and Apprendi v. New Jersey." 38 American Criminal Law Review 243-253 (2001).

"Excited Utterances and Family Violence." 15 Criminal Justice no. 4, at 39-43 (Winter 2001).

"Inextricably Intertwined, Maybe Not," 16 Criminal Justice, no. 1, at 60-65 (2001).

(with Imwinkelried, Edward J. and Daniel J. Capra). "Keeping the Reformist Spirit Alive in Evidence Law." 149 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1277-1293 (2001).

"Opening the Door to Bolstering," 16 Criminal Justice, no. 2, at 50-55 (Summer 2001).

Ethics in Criminal Advocacy, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 1537 (2000).

"Importance of Corroboration: Self-Defense as an Example." 15 Criminal Justice no. 2, at 65-69 (Spring 2000).

"Perjury and False Testimony: Should the Difference Matter so Much?" 68 Fordham Law Review 1537-1580 (2000).

"Rhetorical Questioning," 15 Criminal Justice no. 2, at 38-41, 61 (Summer 2000).

"Self-Defense and the Rule of Evidence." 14 Criminal Justice 46-50 (Winter 2000).

"Third-Party Hearsay Exceptions for Business Records," 15 Criminal Justice, no. 3, at 36-40 (Fall 2000).

"Admissibility of Pretrial Proffers at Trial." 14 Criminal Justice 36-39, 44 (Spring 1999).

"Judges Interrogate Witnesses: Crossing the Line." 13 Criminal Justice 40-44 (Winter 1999).

"Race: Fair and Unfair Use." 14 Criminal Justice 36-50, 56 (Summer 1999).

"The Unusual Harm from a Compound Question." 14 Criminal Justice 40-41, 44-46 (Fall 1999).

"Terry v. Ohio: A Practically Perfect Doctrine." 72 St. John's Law Review 911-974 (Summer-Fall 1998).

"Non-English-Speaking Witnesses and Leading Questions." 13 Criminal Justice 37-41 (Summer 1998).

"Opinions on Intent: Mirroring Facts of the Case." 13 Criminal Justice 21-24 (Fall 1998).

(Moderator). "The Future of Class Actions in Mass Tort Cases: A Roundtable Discussion." 66 Fordham Law Review 1657-1698 (1998).

"Transcripts of Tapes." 12 Criminal Justice 30-34 (Winter 1998).

"Trial Judge Reverses Course: In Limine Rulings." 13 Criminal Justice 31-35 (Spring 1998).

"Authenticating Evidence: Some Basics." 12 Criminal Justice 51-57 (Summer 1997).

"Authentication: Multiple Defendants." 12 Criminal Justice 50-53 (Fall 1997).

"Rule of Completeness and Post-Arrest Statements." 11 Criminal Justice 40-42 (Winter 1997).

"Stipulations, Probative Value and Unfair Prejudice." 12 Criminal Justice 45-48 (Spring 1997).

"Bias Evidence and Gang Membership." 11 Criminal Justice 46-50 (Spring 1996).

"Improper Witness Vouching, Attacks on Counsel." 11 Criminal Justice 48-51 (Fall 1996).

"Limiting Closing Arguments about Evidence." 11 Criminal Justice 42-44 (Summer 1996).

"Summaries: Two Types." 10 Criminal Justice 33-36 (Winter 1996).

"Stipulations by the Defense to Remove Other Act Evidence." 9 Criminal Justice 35-40(Winter 1995).

"Stipulations to Exclude Other Act Evidence: What is Adequate?" 10 Criminal Justice 39-42 (Spring 1995).

"Stipulations, Part III: Convicted Felons on Trial." 10 Criminal Justice 31-34 (Summer 1995).

"The Top Ten List: Rules Lawyers Must Know." 22 Litigation 6-10, 71-72 (Fall 1995).

"Expert Opinions by Mental Health Professionals: The Challenges of FRE 704(b)." 9 Criminal Justice 31-35 (Spring 1994).

"Hearsay Exceptions for Business and Public Records." 9 Criminal Justice 40-43 (Fall 1994).

"Summary of the Legal, Scientific, and Policy Issues." (Transcript of the Program on Scientific Evidence). Scientific Evidence Review, Monograph No. 2 107 (1994).

"Testimony from an Opinion Witness: Avoid Using the Word 'Expert' at Trial." 9 Criminal Justice 35-38 (Summer 1994).

"The Trial Judge as Gatekeeper: Expert Testimony After Daubert." 8 Criminal Justice 38-41 (Winter 1994).

"A Last Word on Impeaching the Witness with Prior 'Bad Acts'." 8 Criminal Justice 37-40 (Summer 1993).

"Criminal Procedure in the 1960s: A Reality Check." 42 Drake Law Review 179-203 (1993).

"Impeaching the Witness: Prior 'Bad Acts' and Extrinsic Evidence." 7 Criminal Justice 28-31 (Winter 1993).

(Panel Discussion). "Jury Nullification." 145 Federal Rules Decisions 166-193 (March 1993).

"Opinions by Expert Witnesses: Testifying to Ultimate Issues." 8 Criminal Justice 32-35 (Fall 1993).

"Uncharged Acts: Substantive Versus Impeachment Use." 8 Criminal Justice 35-38 (Spring 1993).

"Former Testimony, Similar Motive, and Constitutional Implications (United States v. Salerno)." 7 Criminal Justice 29-33 (Fall 1992).

"Hearsay, Confrontation and Sufficiency." 7 Criminal Justice 39-42 (Summer 1992).

"Polygraph Evidence, Key Witness, Deals, Experts -- and the Door Opens." 7 Criminal Justice 37-41 (Spring 1992).

"Sentencing Procedures: Where Does Responsibility Lie?" 4 Federal Sentencing Reporter 247-250 (1992).

"Bolstering and Attacking the Cooperating Witness." 6 Criminal Justice 43-45 (Spring 1991).

"Other Act Evidence: A Change in Discovery Practice." 5 Criminal Justice 34-35 (Winter 1991).

"Prior Inconsistent Statements: Fair and Unfair Use." 6 Criminal Justice 45-49 (Summer 1991).

"Proper and Improper Handling of Uncharged Crimes." 6 Criminal Justice 43-46 (Fall 1991).

"The Control of Criminal Conduct in Organizations." 71 Boston University Law Review 421-438 (1991).

"National Security and the Fourth and Fifth Amendments." in National Security Law, Chapter 22, edited by John Norton Moore, Frederick S. Tipson, and Robert F. Turner. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1990.

"National Security and Privacy: Of Governments and Individuals Under the Constitution and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act." 28 Virginia Journal of International Law 129-155 (1987).

"Miranda v. Arizona Revisited: Constitutional Law or Judicial Fiat." 26 Washburn Law Journal 1-26 (1986).

"Another Victim of Illegal Narcotics: The Fourth Amendment (As Illustrated by the Open Fields Doctrine)." 48 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 1-25 (1986).

"Impeachment of Witnesses and the Federal Rules of Evidence." 22 Criminal Law Bulletin 101-117 (1986).

"Lawyers, Clients and the Adversary System." 37 Mercer Law Review 647-700 (1986).

"The Required Records Doctrine: Its Lesson for the Privilege against Self-Incrimination." 53 University of Chicago Law Review 6-44 (1986).

"Corporate and Related Attorney-Client Privilege Claims: A Suggested Approach." 12 Hofstra Law Review 279-321 (1984).

"Corporate Attorney-Client Privilege in Shareholder Litigation and Similar Cases: Garner Revisited." 12 Hofstra Law Review 817-848 (1984).

"Pretrial Discovery of Scientific Evidence." 101 Federal Rules Decisions 613-621 (1984).

"Frye and Alternatives." (Transcript - Proceedings of the Symposium on Science and the Rules of Evidence). 99 Federal Rules Decisions 208-218 (1983).

"Burdens of Persuasion in Criminal Cases: Harmonizing the Views of the Justices." 20 American Criminal Law Review 393-421 (1983).

"Habeas Corpus: The Supreme Court and Congress." 44 Ohio State Law Journal 367-391 (1983).

"Tactics of the Motion in Limine." 9 Litigation no. 4, p. 17-21, 63 (Summer 1983).

(With Powers, Mary Ellen). "Peremptory Challenges and the Clash Between Impartiality and Group Representation." 41 Maryland Law Review 337-383 (1982).

"Communications Falling within the Attorney-Client Privileges." 66 Iowa Law Review 811-841 (1981).

"Personal Jurisdiction: Some History and Trends in the Supreme Court." in ALI-ABA Civil Practice and Litigation in Federal and State Courts, Vol. 1, p. 33-86 (1981).

"The Federal Rules of Evidence and the Continuing Education of Judges and Lawyers." 5 Virginia Law School Record 6 (Winter 1981).

"Foreword." in A Comparative Study of Judicial Review under Nationalist Chinese and American Constitutional Law, by Jyh-pin Fa. Baltimore: University of Maryland School of Law, 1980.

"Foreword: The Flow and Ebb of Constitutional Criminal Procedure in the Warren and Burger Courts." (Tenth Annual Review of Criminal Procedure: United States Supreme Court and Courts of Appeals 1979-1980). 69 Georgetown Law Journal 151-209 (1980).

"Privileges and Professionals: Lawyers and Psychiatrists." 66 Virginia Law Review 597-651 (1980).

"The Reach of the Bill of Rights Beyond the Terra Firma of the United States." 20 Virginia Journal of International Law 741-776 (1980).

"Virginia's Model Jury Instructions for Criminal Cases." 6 Virginia Bar Journal 16-22, 26 (Spring 1980).

"A Special Aspect of Relevance: Countering Negative Inferences Associated with the Absence of Evidence." 66 California Law Review 1015-1060 (1978).

"Discovering and Applying Foreign and International Law in Domestic Tribunals." 18 Virginia Journal of International Law 611-618 (1978).

"Pleas of Guilty and the Loss of Constitutional Rights: The Current Price of Pleading Guilty." 76 Michigan Law Review 1265-1307 (1978).

"The Federal Rules of Evidence and the Quality of Practice in Federal Courts." 27 Cleveland State Law Review 173-194 (1978).

"The Unnecessarily Expanding Role of the American Trial Judge." 64 Virginia Law Review 1-81 (1978).

"Standards of Proof and Preliminary Questions of Fact." 27 Stanford Law Review 271-305 (1975).

"Another Ground for Decision--Harmless Trial Court Error." 47 Temple Law Quarterly 193-277 (1974).

"The Harm of Harmless Error." 59 Virginia Law Review 988-1032 (1973).


"Understanding the Jury with the Help of Social Science." Review of Inside the Jury, by Reid Hastie. 83 Michigan Law Review 1120-1140 (1985).

Review of The Closed Enterprise System, by Mark J. Green. 121 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 176-185 (1972).


(With Alan B. Morrison.) Commentary, Speedy Trial Vital in Trump Docs Case: Here’s How to Make It Possible, Nat’l L.J. (June 27, 2023, 8:00 AM),

Hearing on Applicability of Federal Criminal Laws to the Interrogation of Detainees, Statement before the House Committee on the Judiciary, 110th Congress (2007). (Available at

Saltzburg's Federal Evidence Update. Albany: Matthew Bender, 2001- . (Issued Monthly).

Improving the Independent Counsel Statute. (Videotape of Panel Discussion.) Purdue University Public Affairs Video Archives, 1998.

(With Smith, Fern M., and Gregory P. Joseph). Evidence for the Trial Judge: Computer-Generated Visual Evidence. (Videotape.) Federal Judicial Television Network, 1998.

(With Capra, Daniel J.). Michie's Federal Rules of Evidence. (Electronic publication.) Charlottesville, VA: Michie, 1995.

The New Rules for Civil Cases in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia: What Every Litigator Needs to Know. (Course materials.) Washington, DC: District of Columbia Bar, 1994.

Outline on Attorney-Client Privilege. (Course materials.) Chicago, IL: American Bar Association, Section of Litigation, 1991.

Selected Trial Advocacy and Evidence Issues Seminar. (Videotape.) University of Nebraska College of Law, 1988.

Evidence Videotape: Relevance. (Videotape). 1988.

(With Goetz, Charles J., and Gregory P. Joseph). Using Experts: Pretrial Preparation, Trial Testimony, and Settling Cases. (Videotape.) University of Nebraska College of Law, 1985.

Opening Statements, Lecture, and Demonstrations. (Videotape.) Trial Advocacy Institute, 1982.

"Analyzing the Supreme Court for Non-Lawyers." The Daily Progress. Charlottesville, VA, 1972-73. (Series of approximately 25 articles.)