Environmental & Energy Law LLM

Programs of study are offered in Environmental Law and in three specialized fields—Energy and Environmental Law, Government Procurement and Environmental Law, and International Environmental Law. Course requirements for each field are provided below.

All candidates for the LLM degree must complete a total of 24 credit hours, including course work that satisfies the written work requirement. Those working towards a specialized degree must complete the minimum required number of hours in courses listed below for that program. Related courses are recommended for the remaining course work.

A minimum of 16 credit hours from the following courses is required.* For U.S. law school graduates, this requirement must include completion of Air Pollution Control (6432), Water Pollution Control (6434), and Control of Solid and Hazardous Wastes (RCRA & CERCLA) (6442). U.S. law school graduates may not enroll in Environmental Law (6430). In addition, this requirement must include 4 credits graded on the basis of research paper that may either be in the form of a Thesis (6690-91) or two research papers, each of which is written in connection with a 2-credit course that is graded on the basis of research paper.

For non-U.S. law school graduates, this curriculum requirement must include completion of one of the following courses: Law 6432, 6434, or 6442. Non-U.S. law school graduates may enroll in Environmental Law (6430). Non-U.S. law school graduates also must complete one research paper, as part of a 2-credit course graded on the basis of a research paper, or complete Thesis (6690-91).

Any research paper used to satisfy the written work requirement must be at least 8,000 words in length, and U.S. law school graduates must achieve a minimum grade of B+. Graduates from non-U.S. law schools must achieve a passing grade for their research paper. For students who choose to write a thesis, Thesis (6690-91) and a minimum of 12 credits in the field of study are required. Students are encouraged to write a thesis.

Courses

  • Land Use Law (6332)
  • Animal Law Seminar (6424)
  • Environmental Law (6430)
  • Wildlife and Ecosystems Law (6431)
  • Air Pollution Control (6432)
  • Water Pollution Control (6434)
  • Trade and Sustainable Development (6435)
  • Coastal, Navigation, and Wetlands Resource Law (6437)
  • Energy Law and Regulation (6438)
  • Energy Law Seminar (6441)
  • Natural Resources Law (6440)
  • Control of Solid and Hazardous Wastes (RCRA & CERCLA) (6442)
  • Oil and Gas Law (6443)
  • Regulation of Toxic Substances Risk (6444)
  • Environmental and Toxic Torts (6449)
  • Federal Facilities Environmental Law Issues (6450)
  • Environmental Issues in Business Transactions (6452)
  • International Environmental Law (6454)
  • International Climate Change Law (6455)
  • Sustainable Communities Law and Policy Seminar (6457)
  • Environmental Negotiations (6458)
  • Atomic Energy Law (6459)
  • Environment and Energy Policy Practicum (6460)
  • Environmental Crimes (6464)
  • Environmental Crimes Project (6465)
  • Environmental Law Seminar (6466)**
  • Graduate Environmental Placement (6468)
  • Environmental Lawyering (6469)
  • International Trade Law (6526)
  • Advanced International Trade Law (6527)
  • International Project Finance Law (6545)
  • Human Rights and Environmental Protection (6571)
  • Environmental Law Clinic (6627)

*Torts (6206) and Property (6208) also will be available; only students with a non-U.S. law degree who plan to take the New York bar examination may count these courses toward the 16 credits required in the field.

**For 2017–2018 Environmental Law Seminars may include International Environmental Governance, and Food and Agriculture; Energy Law Seminars may include The U.S. Electric System and Sustainability, and Electric and Natural Gas Regulation.

View Course Descriptions

A minimum of 16 credit hours from the following courses is required.* For U.S. law school graduates this requirement must include 4 credits graded on the basis of a research paper or research papers. This typically entails completion of Thesis (6690-91) or two research papers, each of which is written in connection with a 2-credit course. For non-U.S. law school graduates, completion of 2 credits graded on the basis of a single research paper or Thesis (6690-91) is required. Any research paper used to satisfy the written work requirement must be at least 8,000 words in length, and U.S. law school graduates must achieve a minimum grade of B+. For students who choose to write a thesis, Thesis (6690-91) and a minimum of 12 credits in the field of study are required. Students are encouraged to write a thesis.

Courses

  • Regulated Industries (6406)
  • Air Pollution Control (6432)
  • Water Pollution Control (6434)
  • Energy Law and Regulation (6438)
  • Energy Law Seminar (6441)
  • Oil and Gas Law (6443)
  • International Climate Change Law (6455)
  • Environmental Negotiations (6458)
  • Atomic Energy Law (6459)
  • Environment and Energy Policy Practicum (6460)
  • Environmental Law Seminar (6466)
  • International Project Finance (6545)

*Property (6208) also will be available; only students with a non-U.S. law degree who plan to take the New York bar examination may count this course toward the 16 credits required in the field.

View Course Descriptions

A minimum of 16 credit hours from the following courses is required. For U.S. law school graduates, this requirement must include 4 credits graded on the basis of a research paper or research papers. This typically entails completion of Thesis (6690-91) or two research papers, each of which is written in connection with a separate 2-credit course. For non-U.S. law school graduates, completion of 2 credits graded on the basis of a single research paper or Thesis (6690-91) is required. Any research paper must be at least 8,000 words in length, and U.S. law school graduates must achieve a minimum grade of B+. For students who choose to write a thesis, Thesis (6690-91) and a minimum of 12 credits in the field of study are required. Students are encouraged to write a thesis.

Courses

  • Air Pollution Control (6432)
  • Water Pollution Control (6434)
  • Control of Solid and Hazardous Wastes (RCRA & CERCLA) (6442)
  • Formation of Government Contracts (6502)
  • Performance of Government Contracts (6503)
  • Government Contracts Cost and Pricing (6506)

View Course Descriptions

A minimum of 16 credit hours from the following courses is required.* The curriculum requirement must include completion of Environmental Law (6430) and one of the following 3 courses: Air Pollution Control (6432), Water Pollution Control (6434), or Control of Solid and Hazardous Wastes (RCRA & CERCLA) (6442). In addition, students also must complete either International Business Transactions (6522) or International Organizations (6530). For U.S. law school graduates, this requirement must include 4 credits graded on the basis of a research paper(s). This typically entails completion of Thesis (6690-91) or two research papers, each of which is written in connection with a separate 2-credit course. For non-U.S. law school graduates, completion of 2 credits graded on the basis of a single research paper or Thesis (6690-91) is required. Any research paper must be at least 8,000 words in length, and U.S. law school graduates must achieve a minimum grade of B+. For students who choose to write a thesis, Thesis (6690-91) and a minimum of 12 credits in the field of study are required. Students are encouraged to write a thesis.

Courses

  • Regulated Industries (6406)
  • Environmental Law (6430) and one of the following 3 courses:
    • Air Pollution Control (6432)
    • Water Pollution Control (6434)
    • Control of Solid and Hazardous Wastes (RCRA & CERCLA) (6442)
  • Trade and Sustainable Development (6435)
  • International Environmental Law (6454)
  • International Climate Change Law (6455)
  • Environment and Energy Policy Practicum (6460)†
  • Environmental Law Seminar (6466)†
  • International Law (6520)
  • International Trade Law (6526)
  • Advanced International Trade Law (6527)
  • International Business Transactions (6522) or International Organizations (6530)
  • Law of the Sea (6550)
  • Human Rights and Environmental Protection (6571)

*Torts (6206) and Property (6208) also will be available; only students with a non-U.S. law degree who plan to take the New York bar examination may count these courses toward the 16 credits required in the field.

† Approval of program director required. The seminar or practicum project must be related to international environmental law.

Courses Related to Environmental Law

Please note: The courses below do not count toward the 16-credit Environmental and Energy curriculum requirement.

  • Admiralty (6293)
  • Administrative Law (6400) 
  • Food and Drug Law (6408)
  • Legislative Analysis and Drafting (6418)
  • Formation of Government Contracts (6502)
  • Performance of Government Contracts (6503)
  • Genetics and the Law (6616)
  • Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution (6676)
  • International Dispute Resolution (6682)

View Course Descriptions